Obesity means having excess body fat. Adults 35 years of age and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese.
Obesity means having excess body fat. Adults 35 years of age and older with a BMI greater than 30 are obese. Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a chronic medical disease that can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity-associated cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease, gallstones, and other chronic illnesses.
In gastric sleeve operation, eighty percent of the stomach is removed and that is the most common operation in the world. The operation is performed by the closed method called the laparoscopic method. After the stomach is taken at this rate, the remaining twenty percent is directly connected to the continuation of the duodenum as its natural extension.
In this way, theoretically, the volume of the stomach was reduced. In this way, the size of the stomach becomes smaller and the person continues to eat in the volume of his stomach. Since the stomach is small, meals are also small. The person who starts to eat less starts to lose weight with weight control as the capacity of eating decreases and the portions.
In this method, both volume limiting and absorption disrupting mechanisms are used together.
First, a gastric pouch with a volume of approximately 40-50 ml is created and the foods reaching the small stomach through some intestinal anastomoses bypass a certain intestine section and jump to a part of the intestine closer to the large intestine, and some of it is excreted without being absorbed. Of course, in this surgery, 90% of the stomach part is completely disabled as a blind stomach.
The gastric balloon procedure is non-surgical which ensures that no incisions will be involved. Instead, the surgeon puts inside you the gastric balloon the same way you eat food, through your mouth. The deflated gastric balloon itself lies inside a very small capsule that is smaller than a normal pill. At the end of a very small, long tube that will go into your mouth, the doctor will lay the pills will rest. That’s right when the capsule is attached to the thin tube, you cough it up.
Who Can Be a Candidate For These Procedures?
To perform these procedures, the body mass index (BMI, BMI = Body Mass Index) is above 40 and the patient does not respond to sports and diet, or BMI (BMI) above 35 and type 2 diabetes, hypertension. Comorbid diseases such as high cholesterol, sleep apnea, weight-related joint deformities, and depression are required.
When physical examinations of patients under the age of 18 and over 60 are performed, surgical obesity procedures can be performed with the approval of the relevant physician.
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