MUSEUMS IN ISTANBUL

Archeology Museum

Istanbul Archeology Museums is a museum complex consisting of three main units: Archeology Museum, Old Oriental Works Museum and Tiled Kiosk Museum. Istanbul Archeology Museum was built by the famous architect of the time, Alexandre Vallaury. With the addition of the left and right wing in the building between 1903 and 1907, today’s Main Museum Building was formed. The museum, which was opened as the Imperial Museum in 1891, includes many works from the Anatolian lands, as well as artifacts from North Africa, the Balkans, Mesopotamia and the Arabian Peninsula, which were part of the Ottoman Empire.

Topkapı Palace Museum

The construction of the palace, which was started in 1460 after Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered Istanbul in 1453, was completed in 1478. The palace was established in Sarayburnu, which is located at the end of the Historical Peninsula between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. The palace has been the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire and the residence of the sultans for nearly 400 years. The palace, which became a museum in 1924 with the establishment of the Republic; It is one of the leading palace-museums in the world, as well as it hosts many valuable works such as architectural structures, collections, special items of sultans, sacred relics, archival documents and famous Spoonmaker’s Diamond.

Hagia Sophia Museum

Hagia Sophia, which has a very important place with its size and architecture in the history of world architecture, is among the museums that should be seen in Istanbul today. Hagia Sophia, which is one of the most important monuments that survived until today, constitutes an important place in terms of functionality in terms of the art world. Hagia Sophia is the largest church that the Eastern Roman Empire built in Istanbul. The building, which was built three times in the same place, was called Megale Ekklesia (Great Church) when it was first built, and it was defined as Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) from the 5th century. Hagia Sophia is an important building, where the rulers were crowned throughout the Eastern Roman Empire, serving as the cathedral as the capital’s largest church. It was converted into a mosque after the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman Empire in 1453. In 1935, upon the order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the decision of the Council of Ministers, it was turned into a museum and opened to visitors.

Kariye Museum

            The building, referred to as the Kariye Museum, is a church structure dedicated to Jesus, forming the center of the Khora Monastery, which was a large building complex during the Eastern Roman Empire. The building outside the Constantine Walls was named “Khora”, which means “rural area” in Greek or “out of town”. The exact construction date of the building is unknown. The building was not damaged during the conquest of Istanbul in 1453 by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. Khora Monastery Church, which has been used as a church for a long time, was built by Sultan II. It was converted into a mosque by Grand Vizier Hadım Ali Pasha (Atik Ali Pasha) in 1511 and a madrasah was built next to it. Kariye Mosque was converted into a museum in 1945 with the decision of the Council of Ministers and started to host its visitors. This monumental museum, which is now called the Kariye Museum, is an extremely important building that hosts the finest examples of Eastern Roman art, with its architecture, magnificent mosaics and frescoes.

Dolmabahçe Palace Museum

Dolmabahçe Palace was built by the 31st Ottoman sultan Sultan Abdülmecid. The palace, the construction of which started in 1843, was opened to use in 1856. The main structure of the palace; It consists of three sections named as Mâbeyn-i Hümâyûn (Selâmlık), Muâyede Hall (Ceremonial Hall) and Harem-i Hümâyûn. Mâbeyn-i Hümâyûn; government administrative affairs, Harem-i Hümâyûn; the private life of the sultan and his family; The Muhayye Hall, located between these two sections; it is reserved for the sultan’s feast with the notables of the state and for some important state ceremonies. The main building has three floors along with the basement along the section parallel to the sea. The palace, which has a significant western effect in architecture and ornaments, is a whole in which the traditional Turkish House plan type is applied in great dimensions in terms of space organization and room and hall relations. The body walls are made of stone, the inner walls are made of brick and the floors are made of wood. Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk used Dolmabahçe Palace in his work in Istanbul between 1927-1938 and died there. The palace, which was partially open to protocol and visit between 1926-1984, was opened to visitors as a “museum-palace” since 1984.

Modern Art Museum

Istanbul Museum of Modern Art to bring the masses to Turkey’s artistic creativity and cultural identity is characterized as a museum, which houses the interdisciplinary activities aimed at sharing the international art scene. It collects, protects, documents and exhibits its productions in the fields of modern and contemporary art in an international orientation to its art lovers. Turkey’s first modern art museum Founded in 2004, the museum-term and permanent exhibition halls, photo gallery, education and social programs, libraries, cinemas, a versatile service area with restaurants and shops offers to visitors. It will host its visitors in the temporary place in Beyoğlu for three years until the construction of the new museum building in Istanbul Modern Karaköy is completed.